@Michael_Wong Good question No, I do not think it is theologically sound to say that epidemics or natural disasters are direct judgments from God. The only way to know an event is a direct judgment from God is when God has sent a prophet who foretells the coming judgment—like Jonah who warned Nineveh or Isaiah/Jeremiah warning Israel.
In addition, Jesus made it clear on several occasions that when we try to determine when God is judging people through events we often get it wrong. Think also of Job, whose friends assumed God was judging him because of his suffering, but they were dead wrong. It is dangerous to try to connect the dots in this way unless God has done so explicitly.
Luke 13:1-5 - Now there were some present at that time who told Jesus about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mixed with their sacrifices. 2 Jesus answered, “Do you think that these Galileans were worse sinners than all the other Galileans because they suffered this way? 3 I tell you, no! But unless you repent, you too will all perish. 4 Or those eighteen who died when the tower in Siloam fell on them—do you think they were more guilty than all the others living in Jerusalem? 5 I tell you, no! But unless you repent, you too will all perish.”
John 9:1-3 - As he went along, he saw a man blind from birth. 2 His disciples asked him, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?”
3 “Neither this man nor his parents sinned,” said Jesus, “but this happened so that the works of God might be displayed in him.