'impute' in Romans 4


In Romans 4:6 (KJV), it says: ‘Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works’ and in Romans 4:8 (KJV), it says: ‘Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.’

I looked up the meaning of ‘impute’ in the Oxford English dictionary and it says: ‘Theology Ascribe (righteousness, guilt, etc.) to someone by virtue of a similar quality in another.’ I’ve looked up the meaning of ‘ascribe’ and do not understand.

I’ve looked at the NKJV, ESV and NIV but all have different words.

Please may someone explain in very simple terms what ‘impute’ means in the above contexts?

Thank you

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Most translations seem to translate the word (λογίζομαι) as"credits" in 4:6 and “will not count” for 4:8. In simple terms, this means that God considers us righteous though Christ (v. 6). Also, through Christ, we can have our sins forgiven; that is our sins will not “count” against us (v. 8).

The following may be a helpful resource in understanding the word translated as impute in the KJV version