I think this a very good question and I will share my journey in the hopes that it will shed some light on this subject.
I don’t think that this means that we need to ‘update’ the text but we do need to view and understand what was written with the lens of western culture removed and the 2nd Temple period lens applied. In other words Try to put yourself in to that audience.
From my own experience, one of the things that dawned on me some time ago was that this Bible we all read is a Jewish book about a Jewish people and their God. At best I was an outsider looking in with no historical or cultural reference point except what I was taught in Sunday school, preachin’ and Wednesday night prayer meeting which was presented with material and knowledge from a Western cultural bias and to that add a Southern Baptist grounding and you have a snapshot of most me and of the people who are near and dear to me. Don’t get me wrong, I am not suggesting I was mislead or worst, taught false doctrines but I had more questions than answers and perhaps more importantly I had no idea of where to go and find these answers.
It might also be helpful for you to understand that I don’t believe that the Bible was written **to us but for us **. This doesn’t mean that it doesn’t apply to modern day people or events or problems. It is supremely relevant and trustworthy, and I believe divinely inspired (God breathed), it just was not written to the 21th century western culture. So how are we to understand what Paul or any Biblical writer for that matter meant and perhaps more importantly what would I understand if I was in the audience in the 1st century? If you think about this for a moment, the most complex and dense letter Paul wrote was Romans and it was Phoebe who likely delivered, read and perhaps even explained the letter of Romans (mind blown). This letter had to be understood by her and the audience that it was read too. Do you think there was a Q&A?
Here is a quote from John Walton’s Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament: Introducing the Conceptual World of the Hebrew Bible.
If we do not bring the information from the ancient cognitive environment to bear on the text, we will automatically impose the parameters of our modern worldview, thus risking serious distortion of meaning.
As too your 2nd question:
I would humbly summit that I think he did, Grace.