My pastor mentioned that this Greek word was used to begin receipts (in an abbreviated form) in the ancient world, so that when Jesus used it (it only occurs 2x - John 19:28 and 19:30) it would have been clear to the audience that their sins had been paid in full.
So - I did a little digging on the word and found this article describing how the word is in the perfect tense - an action that is finished with ongoing consequences. Jesus’ paid our debt for now and evermore!
Excerpt from Matthew Henry - “It is finished; that is, the counsels of the Father concerning his sufferings were now fulfilled. It is finished; all the types and prophecies of the Old Testament, which pointed at the sufferings of the Messiah, were accomplished. It is finished; the ceremonial law is abolished; the substance is now come, and all the shadows are done away. It is finished; an end is made of transgression by bringing in an everlasting righteousness. His sufferings were now finished, both those of his soul, and those of his body. It is finished; the work of man’s redemption and salvation is now completed.”
Have you heard any discussion around this word? What do you feel are the weight of the implications for the Christian life?
He is risen indeed!