In God’s question to Jonah is he saying that he understands why Jonah is angry but wants him to reflect on weather his anger was warrented. Or was he saying that he wis God and jonah doesn’t have the authority to question his will just in a kind manner. I feel there is a lesson in Gods words on how to speak people
Both times, God is asking Jonah if he really thinks he has a right to be angry. The first time, Jonah never answers, probably because he wisely hesitates to tell God anything so daring as that he has a right to be angry at God for letting the Ninevites live - especially since Jonah has just gotten through telling God that he knew all along that God would be “too” merciful (in Jonah’s view).
But the second time, Jonah’s patience has worn really thin, and he throws a temper tantrum at God for making his life so miserable. But instead of God treating Jonah with the kind of thunder and lightning that Jonah has been wanting to see God unleash on Nineveh, God gently reasons with him.
You are right that there is a lesson in God’s word on when anger is justified (Ephesians 4:26) and when it is not (Ephesians 5:31). There are three things that must be true for our wrath to be righteous.
- Righteous anger is stirred when righteousness is violated - otherwise, it’s just carnal impatience. In the Bible, Jesus got angry at the money changers, Moses was angry at Pharaoh, David got angry at various sinners. But they were angry about violations of God’s law - not about personal inconveniences.
And Jonah here is sulking because his own preaching has just led to the city wide repentance and salvation of a nation that will someday bring God’s judgment upon his own sinful nation of Israel - so no, he absolutely does not well to be angry!
- Righteous anger gives a righteous response. The flesh always wants to over react - to dish it out to another worse than they dished it out to us. That’s taking vengeance, and it belongs to the Lord. James 1:20 says that the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God. If punishment is called for, let whoever is responsible dispense a punishment that is meet for the wrong done.
So is Jonah over reacting? Well, he’s wanting God to nuke an entire city of genuinely repentant people, so yeah - I’d call that the very definition of an over reaction!
- Righteous anger does not hold a grudge. It’s willing to forgive. Ephesians 4:26 says, Be ye angry and sin not - let not the sun go down upon your wrath. If you carry your anger with you to bed, you’ve been angry and sinned.
Jonah is going to hold onto his anger for 40 days. He’s going to let the sun go down upon his wrath 40 times. He definitely does not well to be angry over and over again!
I hope these thoughts are a help to you!
Yes thank you so much for the other verses to cross reference