Jude 1-12

In jude 1-12 I would just like clarification on a metaphor used where he describes the heritics as autumn trees which are twice dead. I don’t understand how they are dead twice. They are obviously dead as the bear no fruit (purhaps of the spirit) but is it also because they are not saved they will die an eternal death, or they are dead in their sins, or something else

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@Michael_Ryan Below is the NET Bible note on this phrase. They do suggest that “twice dead” means both that they will physically die and that they are spiritually dead. However, given the similarities between 2 Peter 2 and Jude, it may also refer to the fact that these false teachers have “known the way of righteousness” and rejected it. They knew the way of life and returned to death - like a dog to its vomit. So they could be “twice dead” in that sense as well.

2 Peter 2:20-22 - If they have escaped the corruption of the world by knowing our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and are again entangled in it and are overcome, they are worse off at the end than they were at the beginning. 21 It would have been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than to have known it and then to turn their backs on the sacred command that was passed on to them. 22 Of them the proverbs are true: “A dog returns to its vomit,” and, “A sow that is washed returns to her wallowing in the mud.”

Twice dead probably has no relevance to the tree metaphor, but has great applicability to these false teachers. As in [Rev 20:6](javascript:{}), those who die twice are those who die physically and spiritually. The aphorism is true: “born once, die twice; born twice, die once” (cf. [Rev 20:5](javascript:{}); [John 3](javascript:{}), [11](javascript:{})).

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Very helpful thx

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