The accuracy of Christ's genealogy

Hi everyone,
I have recently heared someone talking about Christ’s genealogy in Mathew 1 and in Luke 3.
He said that the genealogy was inaccurate and was not made to be viewed as a fact but as symbolism.
How would you respond to that liberal view of the Bible?
How would you explain the difference between the 2 genealogies?
Thank you for your response!!

Hi Linda!

-As far as I can tell, there are a couple of different explanations for the two different genealogies. The first is that Matthew has the genealogy of Joseph while Luke has the genealogy of Mary. The second is that Matthew has the royal succession, while Luke has Joseph’s physical descent.
-As far as the question about symbolism in general, I think the evidence against that is the bodily resurrection of Jesus. The Bible describes a literal bodily resurrection. An example of how the historical record corroborates the literal bodily resurrection of Jesus would be the empty tomb. A good book which was suggested to me on the historical evidence of the resurrection of Jesus is, The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus, by Gary R. Habermas and Michael R. Licona, which has a section on the historicity of the empty tomb.

I hope this helps!


Hey Jonathan,
Thank you for your answer!
How can i firtify my claim that Luke’s genealogy is indeed Mary’s?

Hi Linda!

I found a justification for that explanation from the Scofield Study Bible. Which says:

“In Matthew, where unquestionably we have the genealogy of Joseph, we are told (1.16) that Joseph was the son of Jacob. In what sense, then, could he be called in Luke “the son of Heli”? He could not be by natural generation the son both of Jacob and of Heli. But in Luke it is not said that Heli begat Joseph, so that the natural explanation is that Joseph was the son-in-law of Heli, who was, like himself, a descendant of David. That he should in that case be called “son of Heli” (“son” is not in the Greek, but rightly supplied by the translators) would be in accord with Jewish usage (cf. 1 Sam. 24.16). The conclusion is therefore inevitable that in Luke we have Mary’s genealogy; and Joseph was “son of Heli” because espoused to Heli’s daughter. The genealogy in Luke is Mary’s, whose father, Heli, was descended from David.”


Thank you
This answer is very clear!!