Thanks for another great question, Carson. Let’s say I am studying a topic/ theme I am not too familiar with, as a rule of thumb, I begin with reading a dictionary article. I then follow this up with reading (or watching) at least 2 sources from the opposing views. This equips me with a broad introduction, and some of the key challenges that must be responded to. Then I draw from multiple sources to construct a response. And finally, take notes - journal, journal, journal!
Journaling (even mind mapping. If you are into that) is especially helpful for people like me, who enjoy reading/ reasearching multiple topics (often related) simultaneously. It helps integrate and synt different ideas well, quickly.
Hope this helps.