The New Testament is the continuation of the Old Testament. We are descendants of Adam and Eve. When we talk of the genealogy of Jesus, it must begin with the Old Testament. The genealogy of Jesus in Matthew is not comprehensive but it is sufficient. The word “protoevangelium” comes from two Greek words, “Protos” meaning “first” (prototype), and “euaggelion” meaning “Gospel.”
In other words, it is the first mention of the Gospel in the Bible. This first mention is found in Genesis 3:15 which says: “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.”
The enmity is between the seed or offspring of the serpent, Satan and his followers. and the seed or offspring of Eve, Jesus Christ, who was a descendant of Eve.
Satan bruised the heel of Jesus by attacking Him in numerous ways during His time on Earth, which ultimately ended with Him suffering and dying on the cross. However, through His resurrection, Jesus won the decisive victory, and “crushed the head” of Satan. “Crushing the head” means a fatal blow, Satan was completely defeated. His time on Earth will soon end, and he will be cast into the Lake of Fire (Revelation 20:10).
From the very beginning, God had a plan to redeem mankind from the penalty of sin through Jesus Christ. This theme runs throughout the whole Bible. Jesus Christ was manifested to destroy the works of the devil (1 John 3:8 and Hebrews 2:14- & 5).
1 Corinthians 15:45-47
So it is written: The first man Adam became a living being; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit. The spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual. The first man was of the dust of the earth; the second man is of heaven.
- Childhood of Jesus:
In ancient times kings and emperors employed writers or even poets to record events of their lives. Jesus Christ was not an earthly king nor was Mary and Joseph wealthy enough to employ a writer to record details of his life. But the four Gospels are biographical and contain the eye-witness accounts of his life. In the New Testament there are about 11 famous historical personalities, the five Herods and the Caesars of the Roman Empire. Outside of the Bible, there are also several historical books mentioning events of the New Testament and the early Church. Coming to the childhood of Jesus Christ, there are enough references in the Gospels to construct his early years.
Luke 2:22 When the time of their purification according to the Law of Moses had been completed, Joseph and Mary took him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord.
After eight days of his birth, Jesus, like any other Hebrew child, would be circumcised. On the fourteenth day burnt offering for purification. Rich people would offer a lamb. For Mary and Joseph it would be a dove, the poor man’s offering. From the age of five to ten like all other Jewish children he would spend most of his time in reading and memorizing the Old Testament scripture. He would also be learning to write. At the age of twelve, a Jewish child is considered a grown up adult and he must take up a trade. His father being a carpenter he must have learned from his father and taken up the profession of carpentry.
Luke 2:40 And the child grew and became strong; he was filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was upon him.
Luke 2:41 & 42 Every year his parents went to Jerusalem for the Feast of the Passover. When he was twelve years old, they went up to the Feast, according to the custom.
From these verses we learn that Jesus was obedient to his parents. The verses explain both the physical and spiritual growth of Jesus. There are other Bible passages we can refer to.
Luke 2:46 & 47 After three days they found him in the temple courts, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. Everyone who heard him was amazed at his understanding and his answers.
His knowledge of the scripture, his questions and answers surprised even the teachers.
Matthew 13:55 & 56 “Isn’t this the carpenter’s son? Isn’t his mother’s name Mary, and aren’t his brothers James, Joseph, Simon and Judas? Aren’t all his sisters with us? Where then did this man get all these things?”
Nothing is mentioned of Joseph after the childhood of Jesus. He must have died by then. Jesus lived a quiet life as a carpenter and people knew him and his family members. But Jesus must have been in constant communion with the Father, preparing himself for his earthly ministry, his mission to carry out what the Father had sent him to do.
The Bible as a whole is about the history of God’s dealing with mankind. Hence we must understand that what we don’t know about some parts of Jesus’ life is not important. His baptism by John the Baptist and the beginning of his three years ministry, his crucifixion and his resurrection are what really matter to us.
I have left out the historical books and the authors relating to Jesus outside of the Bible since a fellow member has already given some references.