Hello, @OJMCKEE! This is a really good question. I remember struggling with this when I came across it years ago.
What we have to understand is that God did not and does not give power to witches, mediums, and magicians to perform “miracles.” They draw their power from the darkness of demonic forces. This was just one of the reasons for which they were forbidden, the first and foremost reason being that the Israelites (along with us) were only to depend upon and trust in God and His power.
The next thing that is important to understand when we are reading our Bibles is that there are many different types of literature used through which to communicate. We cannot read all these different types in the same way. The books of Samuel, along with several other Old Testament books, are to be read as narratives. In narratives, not everything said or done is condoned or encouraged by God or even the author. In this instance, the point of the story is to show how low Saul went in rebelling against God. Saul had previously worked to rid all of Israel of these witches, mediums, magicians, etc, for the very reason that they are in rebellion against and opposed to God and His ways. Saul, in rejecting God’s silence in his ordeal for which he sought advice, rebelled against God by doing this wicked thing. God did not allow the summoning of the spirit in the way that He made it okay. Like He does with all of us, He allowed Saul the free will to reject and rebel against Him, and this was the result. God has never made (and never will) an allowance for the summoning of spirits.
I think my response for the previous questions covers this one, too. God allowed Saul the free will to disobey and rebel against Him. The spirit was summoned by demonic power. Romans 1:24-25 says that God hands over those who reject Him and His ways to the destruction of their own ways, which is what He did here with Saul.
There are other instances in the Bible in which there were feigned miracles, such as when Moses was showing signs to Pharaoh in Egypt to convince him to let the Hebrew people go. The royal magicians performed many of the same signs Moses did in “mock miracles,” or miracles that are demonic illusions meant to deceive.
Even in this instance with the raising of Samuel, the woman who supposedly conjured him was surprised (“there was a spirit coming up out of the earth”) and couldn’t even identify the spirit except for by description (even after Saul had already told her who he wanted her to conjure!) (1 Samuel 28:13-14). Suspicious? I’d say so!
Here is an article you might find helpful:
Here is another good one from Got Questions to take a look at:
Looking at a variety of resources is helpful, but I found these articles to be the best out of what I read from the search results.
Let me know what you think